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Rabbinical School and Teachers' Seminary

Title: Rabbinical School and Teachers' Seminary
Inclusive Dates: 1847-1914
ID: RG 24 
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21'8"; 51 5"lgl; 2 2.5"lgl
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Organization: Boxes 1-51 are arranged in folder numerical sequence; Boxes 52-53 are arranged chronologically

Arrangement: The collection is divided into 2 parts: Part I) Records of the Rabinical School, Vilno (folders 1-157); Part II) Records of the Teachers' Institute, Vilno (158-399)

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The Rabbinical School in Vilna was one of several Jewish state schools established in the Russian Empire in 1847. The purpose of these schools was to undermine and replace the traditional *heder* system of education.      The school in Vilna consisted of two divisions:  a pedagogical division which trained teachers for Jewish state elementary schools, and a rabbinical division which prepared state appointed rabbis.  Rabbinical students enjoyed certain benefits such as exemption from military service and from some taxes.  The financial upkeep of the school was derived from a share of the Jewish communal candle and meat tax. The state schools were unpopular because of their assimilationist policies.  The Vilna Rabbinical School was closed in 1873, but the Teachers' Seminary remained in existence until 1914.
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Inventory: English, 37 pp., Yiddish, 35 pp., typed
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Other Formats: MK 512
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