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Elias Tcherikower

Title: Elias Tcherikower
Inclusive Dates: 1903-1963
ID: RG 81 
expand icon Extent Information
27'3"; ca. 72 5"lgl; 1 2.5"lgl
expand icon Arrangement
This collection is indexed and arranged as a portion of the Tcherikower Archive, which includes RG 80 through RG 89. The pages in the index which correspond to this collection are as follows: 271-274; 276-352; 385-386. The folders which constitute this collection are the follwing numbers: 1122-1152; 1164-2045; 2449-2492
expand icon Administrative/Biographical History
Jewish historian, political activist.  Active in the Labor Zionist movement at the turn of the century.  Co-founder of the YIVO Institute in Vilna in 1925. Member of the YIVO Executive Committee and chairman of the Historical Section of YIVO.      Between 1918 and 1920, Tcherikower was involved in a project in Kiev to collect and publish documents on pogroms in the Ukraine during the civil war.  He was among the founders of the Mizrakh Yidisher Historisher Arkhiv (Ostjudisches Historisches Archiv), established in Berlin, 1921.  Its function was to preserve the documents collected, and to publish a history of the pogroms in the Ukraine, 1917-1921.  Volume 1 was eventually published by YIVO in 1965.      Tcherikower was active in the defense of Shalom Schwarzbard, 1926-1927, who was tried in Paris for the assassination of Simon Petlyura.  He was also involved in other celebrated cases, such as the trial in Berne, Switzerland, regarding the *Protocols of the Elders of Zion*, 1934-1935, and the trial of David Frankfurter, 1936, who shot and killed Wilhelm Gustloff, the Swiss Nazi leader.      Tcherikower contributed to or edited numerous Russian and Yiddish periodicals, anthologies, encyclopedias, including *The Day*, *Zukunft*, *Der yidisher kongres*, *Yidisher kemfer*, *Yevreyskaya entsiklopediia*, *Yevreyskaya Nedelya*, and the YIVO periodical, *Historishe shriftn*.  Together with Israel Efroykin, he published the periodical *Oyfn shaydveg*. Author and editor of works on the Jews of France, the labor movement in the U.S. Born in the Ukraine.  Lived in Germany, France.  Immigrated to the U.S. in 1940.
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expand icon Finding Aid Information
Inventory: Tcherikower Archive, Yiddish ms., pages 271-274, 276-352, 385-386 (folders 1122-1152 & 1164-2045)
expand icon Administrative Information
Access Notes: YIVO Archives collections are open to researchers only by appointment with an archivist. To inquire about papers and records, write to Chief Archivist, archives@yivo.cjh.org. To inquire about photographs and films, write to Photo and Film Archivist at Photofilm@yivo.cjh.org. To inquire about sound recordings, write to Sound Archivist, lsklamberg@yivo.cjh.org. For art works and artifacts, write to Chief Archivist at archives@yivo.cjh.org.
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Other Formats: MK 470.80 -.124
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