Alliance Israelite Universelle (Borenstein-Eisenberg Collection)
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Brief Description: Correspondence, reports, minutes, printed matter dealing primarily with Jewish immigration from Russia to the United States, Canada, Latin America, from the 1860s through 1930s.  The bulk of the materials, however, relates to the heavy wave of immigration of the 1881-1885 period sparked by the May Laws and the pogroms which erupted in Russia in 1882.      The records reflect the relief work carried out on behalf of the refugees by Jewish organizations in Western Europe of which the most notable was the Alliance Israelite. Others include the Mansion House Fund (London), the German Central Committee for Russian Jews (Germany), the Israelitische Allianz (Austria), similar committees in Konigsberg, Brussels, and Geneva, the Hebrew Emigrant Aid Society (HEAS, a precursor of HIAS), and HIAS in New York. The committees organized protest meetings against the pogroms, arranged transportation, and gave financial aid to immigrants.  Many of the documents pertain to Brody, a border city between Russia and Austrian Galicia, which became a major transit point for immigrants on their way to the U.S. and to other countries.      Materials relating to the reaction of Jewish communities in France, England, Germany and the U.S. to the persecution of Russian Jews. Documents about immigration to the U.S.A. including: passenger lists; correspondence and prospectuses from shipping companies regarding transportation; statistics from the transit center at Brody; lists of pogrom victims (1905); HIAS reports on shelters and on vocational training in the U.S.; documents about agricultural colonization in the United States including reports from the Jewish Colonization Association,  Woodbine Agricultural School, colonies in Louisiana and Colorado; statistical reports by HIAS on settlement possibilities in small American towns.      In addition, the collection contains reports on persecutions of Jews in Rumania;  reports from Casablanca, Morocco, 1918-1932; reports on the Tisza-Eszlar blood libel case.
Held at:
YIVO Online Guide
Record Series Number: RG 406 /RG 406 
Created by: Alliance Israelite Universelle
Volume: 0.0
Arrangement: folders and individual documents arranged numerically
Subject Index
Charitable Activities
Colonies and Colonization Projects
Communal Welfare Organizations
Great Britain
Immigration and Emigration
Social Welfare
United States
Genres/Forms of Material
Documents - Records
Other Formats: MKM 1 (5)
Finding Aid Revisions: 1994/10/14 ; 1903/01/23 ; GMB
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