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Guide to the Papers of Chaim Zhitlowsky (1865-1943) RG 208

Processed by Felicia Figa and Marek Web as part of the Finding Aids Project supported by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities. Additional processing by Rachel S. Harrison as part of the Leon Levy Archival Processing Initiative, made possible by the Leon Levy Foundation.

YIVO Institute for Jewish Research
15 West 16th Street
New York, NY 10011
Email: archives@yivo.cjh.org
URL: http://www.yivo.org

©2010 YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. All rights reserved.

Electronic finding aid was encoded in EAD 2002 by Rachel S. Harrison in December 2010. Description is in English.

Collection Overview

Title: Guide to the Papers of Chaim Zhitlowsky (1865-1943) RG 208

Predominant Dates:bulk 1900-1943

ID: RG 208 FA

Extent: 21.88 Linear Feet


The first attempt to arrange the Zhitlowsky papers was made in 1941 by B. Dworkin. He found the papers in a garage in Zhitlowsky's house at Croton-on-Hudson bound in small bundles and packed in crates. He identified with Zhitlowsky's help some of the correspondence and left a listing of it (folder 3).

Another early listing of the papers was made by Eva Zhitlowsky (Ch. Zhitlowsky's daughter) and Mendel Elkin, the YIVO Librarian, on accession of the papers, in January and February 1945. At that time, the papers were in 347 folders or packets, but not arranged in a meaningful manner (with exception of the correspondence processed previously by B. Dworkin).

Khayim Gininger partially processed the collection in the 1950s by adding more names to the list of correspondents and identifying a number of the manuscripts but left about 50% of the collection untouched.

The unarranged part of the collection was in poor physical condition and was completely disorganized. The processor's major task was therefore to piece together and identify thousands of items by correspondent or writer and title. Many items, especially among the manuscripts, have been only partially identified, but even these were included in the description of the papers, sometimes with a substitute title provided by the original processors. Only those fragments which could not be identified at all were placed in specially designated folders at the end of each series. The miscellaneous series includes materials which are too small in quantity to form a separate series, the photographs and certain historical documents.

The collection was arranged in a Yiddish alphabet mode and the description was originally written in Yiddish. An exception was made for the manuscripts and typescripts in languages other than Yiddish and for the correspondence of those institutions that did not use Yiddish. These materials are arranged in Latin alphabetical order, including Russian manuscripts and correspondence, the titles and names of which have been transliterated and translated, and German materials, which have been translated. The inventory lists for correspondence with individuals has been rearranged according to the Latin alphabet, although the folder organization has not been changed. Personal names have been transliterated, journal titles and organization names have been transliterated and translated, and the titles of speeches and writings have been transliterated and translated. Yiddish names have been transliterated according to YIVO standards except when the individual is known in English by another spelling. Additionally, if the name appeared in Latin letters anywhere within the folder, that spelling was used rather than a standard transliteration. The languages of correspondence that is not in Yiddish are in parentheses following the listing of the material. All manuscripts and typescripts have been arranged alphabetically by title rather than by author. While there are only a few Yiddish manuscripts without a known author, among the non-Yiddish materials there is a large number of unidentified items. The collection has been microfilmed and so any misfiling has been maintained to correspond with the microfilm. Microfilm reel and frame numbers follow the folder titles. The dates are exact on the folders but the folder list has condensed the dates. The page numbers sometimes refer to the number of sheets and sometimes, for double-sided documents, to the number of sides.

The collection has been divided into 11 series, some of which have been further divided into subseries.

Languages: Yiddish, Russian, German, English, French, Latin, Hebrew, Dutch;Flemish


This collection contains correspondence between Chaim Zhitlowsky and many important political figures and organizations, as well as manuscripts and other writings, some written by Zhitlowsky and some written by others. There are also notes and other materials from speeches and lectures that Zhitlowsky gave, financial documents, articles written about Zhitlowsky, newspaper clippings of articles by Zhitlowsky, materials from celebrations held in Zhitlowsky’s honor, photographs, excerpts from his works, and various other assorted items. These materials serve to illustrate both Zhitlowsky’s importance in the Yiddish and Russian literary field and his deep involvement in the American and Russian-Jewish Socialist, Territorialist and Diaspora Nationalism movements.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Papers of Chaim Zhitlowsky consist of correspondence, manuscripts and typescripts, notes, newspaper clippings, some official documents such as residence cards, a passport, and diplomas, photographs, and financial records. The materials have been divided according to type of records. The papers pertain almost exclusively to Zhitlowsky's political and scholarly activities and reflect to a great extent his creative versatility, particularly the materials found in the Manuscripts and Typescripts series. There are over 900 identified or partly identified items in these two series, and about 820 of these were written by Zhitlowsky. There are approximately 60 manuscripts written by others and 120 manuscripts of no known authorship. It is likely that a substantial number of these unattributed writings are also by Zhitlowsky. Prominent themes include: Yiddish language, Yiddish culture, the future of Yiddish, the Czernowitz Conference of August 1908 and modern Yiddish, Jewish autonomy, Territorialism, Eretz Israel, Biro-Bidjan, political radicalism, Marxism, Socialist thought, Communism and anti-Communism, a history of world philosophy, philosophical systems, Hegel, Kant, and ethics and religion. In addition to the essays and articles there is a multitude of notes which pertain to the above subjects, some biographical and autobiographical materials and clippings of Zhitlowsky's articles published in the Yiddish press between 1916 and 1942, all of which help to augment and contextualize his writings.

Zhitlowsky’s manuscripts are quite relevant to the social and political history of his time. Notwithstanding his scholarly works on philosophy, Zhitlowsky was first and foremost interested in contemporary social and political developments. Therefore many of his writings were created in response to actual events and are stamped with the urgency of a political commentary, a program of action or a resolution. A predominant theme is the gap between the national aspirations of the Jewish people and their actual situation. Another topic which greatly preoccupied Zhitlowsky was how to apply his populist ideas to socialist ideology and to the programs of Russian and Jewish Socialist parties. His changing attitudes towards the Communist movement can also be found in his writings.

Zhitlowsky’s extensive correspondence further augments the collection’s importance for the study of contemporary Jewish social, political and cultural history. Around 1040 individuals and 650 organizations are present, and the correspondents among them represent a broad spectrum of Jewish political and cultural affiliations in America and in Europe, from the turn of the century through the 1940’s.

There is a small group of miscellaneous materials other than writings and correspondence which topically complement the other series. These include photographs, leaflets, programs, minutes, and reports pertaining to the following subjects: The Socialist International, the Russian Socialist-Revolutionary Party, various Jewish Socialist parties, and Jewish emigration.

Historical Note

Chaim Zhitlowsky was a Jewish philosopher and writer, literary critic, a leading theoretician of the Socialist movement in Russia, a chief exponent of Yiddishism, Diaspora Nationalism and Territorialism, and a social and political thinker. He was a co-founder of the Russian Socialist-Revolutionary Party and was later connected with various Jewish Socialist organizations, including Poale Zion and the Bund. Zhitlowsky was also a vice-president of the conference on Yiddish language held in Chernivtsi, Romania in 1908.

According to several sources, including a police card and a British passport (folder 1), Chaim Zhitlowsky was born in 1861 in Horodok, Vitebsk province, Belarus. However, his autobiography (folder 2) says that he was born on April 19, 1865 in Ushachy, also in Vitebsk province, and this information has been reprinted in Encyclopedia Judaica and the Lexicon, among other sources. This second date has been generally accepted, as is evidenced by the fact that Zhitlowsky’s 60th and 70th birthday celebration celebrations were celebrated in 1925 and 1935, respectively.

When he was five years old, his parents moved to Vitebsk, the capital of the province. Zhitlowsky’s father, Joseph, was a wealthy merchant and quite learned, having studied to become a rabbi at the Yeshiva of Volozhin before he became a merchant. Joseph Zhitlowsky made sure to give his son a good education at cheder and with private tutors and then at the Vitebsk Gymnasium. While at the Gymnasium, Zhitlowsky met Shlomo-Zanvl Rappaport, who later became a prominent Yiddish playwright using the pseudonym S. Ansky. Their deep friendship lasted until Ansky’s death in 1920 and was to have a profound mutual effect on their political and intellectual attitudes. Zhitlowsky and Ansky both became involved with Russian revolutionary circles while still in Vitebsk before moving to Tula in Central Russia in 1881, where Zhitlowsky was part of the Narodnaya Volya (People’s Will), a Socialist-Revolutionary populist party.

Under the influence of the Russian revolutionary movement, Zhitlowsky began to move away from Jewish life and Jewish concerns. He began to think about the question of nationalism, particularly Jewish nationalism. He advocated Jewish assimilation in several articles before the anti-Jewish pogroms of 1881 made him reevaluate his position and his sympathy for the Jewish people and their national aspirations. These pogroms started in April 1881 in Elisavetgrad (Kirovgrad), Ukraine and swept through dozens of towns and villages in Ukraine and Russian Poland all the way to Warsaw.

Zhitlowsky ultimately rejected assimilation and demanded Jewish national equality and social and political rights, thereby combining Jewish national aspirations with Socialist ideology into what became known as Diaspora Nationalism. This theory was focused on Jewish nationalism in the Diaspora, in opposition to the ideology of Hovevei Zion (Lovers of Zion) and political Zionism, which advocated Jewish settlement in Israel. He disliked the religious character of political Zionism. Zhitlowsky first formulated this theory of Diaspora Nationalism in a book called Evrey k'Evreyam (A Jew Speaks to Jews), published under the pseudonym of I. Khisin in 1893 by the London Fund for the Free Russian Press. In this work, he maintained that the Jews should be afforded national equality because, “The Jews are not 4 percent of somebody but 100 per cent of themselves.” This work was later followed by a multitude of essays, articles and lectures. His most important publication on the subject of the Jewish national question was the introduction to the Russian edition of Otto Bauer’s The National Question and the Social Democracy, written in 1909 (folder 2124).

During his lifelong search for a practical political party that would fit his theory of Diaspora Nationalism, Zhitlowsky embraced many different ideologies and movements. As a young man, he was an ardent populist, working for the Narodnaya Volya in Tula (1882-1883), in Vitebsk (1883-1886) and in St. Petersburg (1886), where he went to study Jewish history. His first work, a treatise in Russian entitled “Thought of the Historical Fate of the Jewish People” was published in Moscow in 1887. The liberal Russian press enthusiastically greeted and responded warmly to his ideas, but the treatise met with scant favor among Jewish critics, because it contained no solution for the problems it discussed. In 1888 he left Russia for Berlin where he resumed his study of Jewish history, Marxism and philosophy. He was expelled from Germany under the anti-Socialist law and went to Zurich, and there he founded the Verein fuer Wissentschaft und Leben des Judischen Volkes (Association for Science and Life of the Jewish People), in order to spread Nationalism and Socialism among the Jewish masses. He then traveled to Bern, where he received his doctorate in 1892 from the University of Bern. His dissertation, which was in German, was on “Abraham ibn Daud and the Beginning of the Aristotelian Period in Jewish Religious Philosophy.”

In late 1893 in Bern, Zhitlowsky, aided by Shlomo Rappaport (Ansky), M. Rosenbaum and several other Russian radicals, co-founded the Union of Russian Socialist Revolutionaries Abroad, which was reconfigured as the Russian Socialist-Revolutionary Party in 1901, which Zhitlowsky later represented in the Socialist International in Stuttgart in 1907. Zhitlowsky contributed articles on Marxism and philosophy to several well-known Russian magazines, such as Russkoye Bogastvo, the Jewish—Russian Voskhod, Sozialistische Monatshefte, and Deutsche Worte, among others. When the first Yiddish daily in Russia, the St. Petersburg Frajnd, was founded, Dr. Zhitlowsky, under the pen name N. Gaydaroff, contributed a series of articles entitled “The Jewish People and the Yiddish Language,” a theme which he often treated in later years. In 1896 he organized the Group of Jewish Socialists Abroad. Their purpose was to prepare revolutionary propaganda literature in Yiddish, beginning with the Communist Manifesto. Zhitlowsky wrote an introduction entitled “Yiddish—Why?” in which he expressed the belief that the rebirth of the Yiddish language and literature would lead to the national and social awakening of the Jewish people.

Zhitlowsky was present at the First Zionist Congress in Basel in 1897, although he did not support political Zionism and even wrote an article in the New York Jewish Daily Forward against it. He believed in the necessity of a League for Jewish Colonization, a league that would appeal to all those opposed to Herzl’s political Zionism. A day after the Congress, Dr. Zhitlowsky addressed the delegates and guests on Yiddish and the purposes of the Yiddish publishing house Zeit Geist, which had been founded by a group of Jewish intellectuals and revolutionaries. In this speech were first laid the foundations of Yiddishism, which subsequently became deeply rooted in Eastern Europe and America. He became a member of the Jewish Socialist Bund. His essay “Zionism or Socialism,” published in 1898 in Yiddish in the Bund organ Der Yidisher Arbeter laid the groundwork for the party's program of Jewish national and cultural autonomy.

In 1903, partially in response to the Kishinev pogrom, Zhitlowsky revised his Jewish program and became a Territorialist, which was a movement to establish an autonomous settlement of Jews in a sufficiently large territory, of which Palestine was considered as just one of the possibilities. In the following years he made many efforts to reconcile theoretically the principles of Territorialism and Socialism. He was also instrumental in founding several political organizations that would incorporate the ideas of Territorialism and Socialism in their political platform.

In 1904 Zhitlowsky left Europe for North America, having been sent there by the Socialist-Revolutionary Party as its emissary and fund-raiser. Together with Ekaterina Breshkovskaya (known as the “Grandmother of the Russian Revolution”) he toured the U.S. spreading propaganda on behalf of the Socialist-Revolutionary Party, and at the same time speaking and writing on Jewish national culture, autonomy and territorialism. His articles appeared in the Forverts, Zeitgeist, Zukunft, Warheit, and Dos Folk. Zhitlowsky returned to Europe in 1906. Unable to enter Russia for fear of being arrested, he stayed in Lwow (Lemberg). There he participated in the formation of a new Jewish Socialist group, the SERP (Sotsyalisticheskaya Yevreyskaya Rabotchaya Partya - Socialist Jewish Workers Party), popularly called the "Sejmists" because it advocated a Jewish autonomous governing body (‘Sejm’ refers to the Polish parliament) within the Russian Empire. He was nominated by the Socialist-Revolutionary Party to run for a seat in the second Duma (folder 1524) and was elected in the Vitebsk district. However, the police authorities annulled his election.

Zhitlowsky spent 1907 spreading Socialist-Revolutionary propaganda in Finland with Gregory Gershuni. Also in 1907, the Socialist-Revolutionary Party and the Sejmists sent him as their delegate to the International Socialist Congress at Stuttgart. In 1908 Zhitlowsky left Europe again for the U.S. as the Socialist-Revolutionary Party's envoy, this time with the intention of settling in America. In New York, Zhitlowsky founded a publishing house which issued the monthly, Dos Naye Lebn. Under the editorship of Zhitlowsky, this journal exercised great influence on Yiddish culture, literature and the development of free Socialist thought. After a brief stay in America, Zhitlowsky returned to Europe, where he participated in the conference for the Yiddish language which was held in Chernivtsi (Czernowitz), Bukovina, August 30-September 4, 1908. This conference, of which Zhitlowsky was both the initiator and chairman, along with I.L. Peretz and Nathan Birnbaum, and which hosted leading Yiddish authors of the day, proclaimed Yiddish as a national language of the Jews. After the conference, Zhitlowsky returned to the U.S.

In the United States, Zhitlowsky distinguished himself in work to promote and strengthen the Yiddish language and culture. He became the standard-bearer of Yiddish, which he considered a prerequisite for the survival of the Jewish people. While many thought that his attitude towards Yiddish was dogmatic and irrational, he persevered nevertheless in lending his unqualified support to any and all efforts on behalf of Yiddish. In Dos Naye Lebn in 1909, Zhitlowsky raised the question of founding Yiddish secular schools in America and in 1910, at the Convention of the Poale Zion Party in Montreal, Canada, he helped to usher in the inauguration of this type of school. The first Folkshul in New York City was opened at 143 Madison St., and Dr. Zhitlowsky took an active part in the growth of this school. His influence was also considerable in the creation of the Jewish secular schools of the Workmen’s Circle, the Jewish National Workers Alliance and the radical International Workers Order.

Zhitlowsky’s political affiliation in the U.S. remained with the Socialist movement, and especially with the Jewish Socialist groups. At first he joined the Socialist Territorialists. Then, in 1909 he initiated the merger of the Socialist Territorialists, the Sejmists and Labor Zionists, but the unified group did not last long. In subsequent years he moved closer to the Labor Zionists. He supported the movement for an American Jewish Congress, which held its first session in 1918. He returned to America from Europe at the outbreak of World War I. Until then, he had been a contributor to the Warheit, edited by L. A. Miller. He now joined the staff of the newly-organized Tog. At the same time, he continued his tracts on philosophy and sociology in the Yiddish magazine Zukunft and, from 1920-1921, Die Zeit, a Poale-Zion daily. In 1922, Dr. Zhitlowsky and Shmuel Niger renewed the publication of Dos Naye Lebn, which lasted until 1923. In 1923, when the magazine was discontinued, Dr. Zhitlowsky returned to Europe in order to complete his work, “The Spiritual Struggle of the Jewish People for Freedom.”

On November 28, 1925, Zhitlowsky’s sixtieth birthday was celebrated at the Manhattan Opera House in New York. Similar celebrations were held in other American and European cities visited by Dr. Zhitlowsky. A Zhitlowsky Memorial Volume was published in Berlin. It contained articles and reminiscences of his intimate friends and disciples. At Zhitlowsky’s suggestion, the proceeds from the book were turned over to the Yiddish Scientific Institute (YIVO) of Vilna, where he was a member of its Honorary Board of Directors, along with Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud, among others. Through the initiative of Dr. Zhitlowsky, and his lifelong friend, Dr. S. Ellsberg, the Yiddish Culture Society was founded in September 1929. The purpose of the organization was to unite all adherents of Yiddish to enable them to work in common for the development of Yiddish, Yiddish schools and Yiddish culture in general. He was also one of the editors of the weekly Yiddish, issued by the Yiddish Culture Society.

Zhitlowsky was a bitter foe of dogmatic Marxism. He began the dispute back in 1888 in Zurich where his lecture on Plekhanov stirred a debate lasting 72 evenings (it was called afterwards the "72 Zurich Nights"). He later pursued his arguments against Communist ideology and against the Bolshevik regime in post-1917 Russia. He broke with the pro-Soviet camp over the signing of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, but later returned in the wake of the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. From 1936 until his death he moved closer to the radical, pro-Soviet groups active in the Jewish community in the U.S. such as IWO (International Workers Order), IKUF (Yiddisher Kultur Farband -Yiddish Culture Society), ICOR (Association for Jewish Colonization in Soviet Union), and others. During this last period of his life he came to the conclusion that Communist ideology incorporated many of the ideals for which he had always fought. He was convinced that the creation of the Jewish autonomous province in Biro-Bidjan was a true realization of his Territorialist dream. He believed that the Communist claim about promoting cultures which are "Socialist in content and national in form" spelled a brighter future for Yiddish as well.

Zhitlowsky was more of a theoretician than an organizer. He exerted great authority and influence among the Socialist groups and in the Jewish community, chiefly through writings, debates and lectures. He contributed to and was editor of many publications, including the organ of the Socialist-Revolutionary Party Russky Rabochy (The Russian Worker), 1893, the organ of the Jewish Socialist Territorialists in the U.S. Dos Folk (The People), 1904-1906, the periodical Dos Naye Lebn (New Life), 1908-1913, and the Yiddish daily Der Tog (The Day) in which he wrote from its inception in 1916 until his last days. He wrote the first serious history of philosophy in Yiddish, 1910, translated Nietzsche's Thus Spake Zarathustra, 1919, and wrote scholarly essays on Kant, Einstein, Job, and Faust. His collected works were published twice during his lifetime (in New York, 1912-1919, 10 volumes; in Warsaw, 1929-32, 15 volumes).

"As the outstanding ideologist of Diaspora Nationalism and Yiddishism, Zhitlowsky influenced the programs of all Jewish national parties, but only in his struggle against assimilationism was his influence profound and enduring… More important than his theoretical justification for the existence of Yiddish was his practical application of Yiddish in a journalistic and scholarly style which delineated ideas and philosophical systems. (Encyclopedia Judaica, Volume 16).

Zhitlowsky lived and worked in the times which saw the formation of modern Socialist ideologies and the creation of radical mass movements. He himself was very much an inspirational force in this process, attaining a position of leadership in international, Russian and Jewish Socialist groups. He witnessed and often subscribed to the birth of the many factions of populist, Socialist, Territorialist and Communist persuasions and at various times he was involved as theoretician and political activist with such major political parties as the Narodnaya Volya, the Russian Socialist-Revolutionary Party, the Jewish Labor Bund, and the Poale Zion, among others. He was the founder of the theory of Jewish national self-determination in the Diaspora, to which he remained rigidly faithful until the end of his life and which in fact prompted him to wander from movement to movement, in his search for a political solution to the theory.

Zhitlowsky was a forceful orator, a formidable polemicist, a prolific writer and talented popularizer of knowledge. A philosopher by training, he had to his credit as many theoretical works as popular essays, articles and lectures on philosophy, psychology, religion, ethics, literature, and history. Zhitlowsky’s role in the Jewish community in the U.S. and abroad was that of a spiritual leader for the major segment of the Jewish community. Many considered themselves his disciples and stood by him when his popularity and influence began to wane in the 1930's in the wake of his pro-Soviet stance.

Chaim Zhitlowsky was married twice. His first wife was Vera Lokhova whom he met in Vitebsk and married in 1888 in Berlin. Vera Lokhova was a populist (they both worked in the Narodnaya Volya organization in Vitebsk) and an author in her own right. They separated in 1903 but were formally divorced until 1929. In 1930 Zhitlowsky married Nora Van Leuven. Chaim Zhitlowsky died in Calgary, Canada, May 6, 1943, while on a lecture tour for the IWO.

Subject/Index Terms

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions: Permission to use the collection must be obtained from the YIVO Archivist.

Use Restrictions: Permission to publish part or parts of the collection must be obtained from the YIVO Archives. For more information, contact:YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, Center for Jewish History, 15 West 16th Street, New York, NY 10011 email: archives@yivo.cjh.org

Acquisition Method: Zhitlowsky willed his papers to YIVO in his testament of February 6, 1941, but the donation was contested in court by his widow following his death in 1943. Eventually YIVO received half of his archives and library. The official transfer of the papers took place in December 1944-January 1945.

Separated Materials: There is no information about materials that are associated by provenance to the described materials that have been physically separated or removed.

Original/Copies Note: The collection is on thirty-six reels of microfilm (MK 505)

Related Materials: The YIVO Archives contains collections of several of Zhitlowsky’s most prominent correspondents, including Mordechai Barlas, Abe Cahan, J.A. Cherniak, Simon Dubnow, William Edlin, Jacob Lestschinsky, Kalman Marmor, and many others. There are also materials by and about Zhitlowsky in the collections of various organizations he was involved with, including the Association for Jewish Farm Settlements, of which Zhitlowsky was honorary chairman, the I.L. Peretz Yiddish Writers Union, and the periodicals Dos Naye Lebn and Der Tog, which he edited. The YIVO Library has several books by and about Zhitlowsky, including a book by James Globus, two books by Chaim Lieberman, copies of Zhitlowsky’s translation of Thus Spake Zarathustra, Zhitlowsky’s collected works, his memoirs, photographs, and books and publications in honor of various celebrations for Zhitlowsky.

Preferred Citation: Published citations should take the following form:Identification of item, date (if known); Papers of Chaim Zhitlowsky; RG 208; folder number; YIVO Institute for Jewish Research.

Finding Aid Revision History: In 1941 B. Dworkin identified, with Zhitlowsky’s help, some of the correspondents. In 1945, on accession of the collection to YIVO, Eva Zhitlowsky, Chaim Zhitlowsky’s daughter, and Mendel Elkin, the YIVO Librarian, made another early list of correspondents. Khayim Gininger partially processed the collection in the 1950s by adding more names to the list of correspondents and identifying a number of the manuscripts but left about 50% of the collection untouched. Felicia Figa completed the processing of the collection in March 1981 as part of the Finding Aids Project supported by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities and wrote a full Yiddish finding aid. Marek Web prepared an English finding aid in November 1981 with an expanded introduction and abridged contents list. The full Yiddish finding aid was translated into English in 2010.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

Series 1: Series I: Personal Documents, 1887-1944,
Series 2: Series II: Family Correspondence, 1886-1943,
Series 3: Series III: General Correspondence: Individuals, 1882-1955,
Series 4: Series IV: General Correspondence: Organizations, 1892-1943,
Series 5: Series V: Manuscripts, 1881-1942,
Series 6: Series VI: Typescripts and Printed Materials, 1885-1938,
Series 7: Series VII: Miscellaneous Speeches, 1910, 1937-1943,
Series 8: Series VIII: Financial Records, 1897-1942,
Series 9: Series IX: Newspaper Clippings, 1916-1942,
Series 10: Series X: Records of Celebrations for Zhitlowsky, 1912-1942,
Series 11: Series XI: Miscellaneous, 1883-1958,

Series IV: General Correspondence: Organizations
This series has been divided into 2 subseries, according to the language of the letters. Although the inclusive dates in both subseries range from the 1890's to 1943, the bulk of the letters were written in the period of 1920's to 1940's. The unidentified correspondence and fragments of correspondence in folders 1209-1211 are in German, English, Russian, and Yiddish and from all different years. In some cases, this correspondence can be identified as being from or to specific individuals or organizations whose correspondence is found elsewhere in the collection. It is unclear why it has been placed in the unidentified correspondence folders but has been left so as to correspond with the microfilm.
Folders: 159
Subseries 1: Correspondence in Yiddish
Included in this subseries are those organizations that were active in the Yiddish-speaking community and consciously recognized Yiddish as the national language of the Jews. There are letters from some 350 organizations, mostly from the United States but also from Eastern Europe and Palestine. Progressive political, educational and cultural groups represent the majority of correspondents. Organization names and publication titles have been transliterated and translated. If the English name of an organization or publication was found within the folder, that name has been used even when it is not a direct translation from the Yiddish. Some of the correspondence is in Hebrew, German, English, and French.
Folders: 116
Folder 1053: Aleph א

- Abend Blatt and Arbeiter Zeitung (Evening Newspaper and Worker’s Newspaper), official organs of the Socialist Labor Party of North America, New York 1897-1899

- Agudat HaPoalim HaNagarim (Carpentry Workers Union), Jaffa, undated

- Oyfgang (Rise), weekly Yiddish literary journal of the Jewish community in Havana, Cuba, undated

- Afn Shvel (On the Threshold), periodical of the Territorialist Movement, New York, 1942

- Oifkum (Arise/Awaken), journal of literature and cultural ideas, New York, 1926

- Auf der Wach (On Guard for Peace and Democracy), monthly journal, New York, 1938

- Umparteyshe Folkshul-Gezelshaft (Non-Party Public School Society), Detroit, 1928

- Onophengike Yudishe Sotsialistishe Demokratishe Arbeter Partey Poalei Tsion (Independent Jewish Socialist Democratic Workers Party), Warsaw, 1921

- Umparteysher Kultur-Fareyn (Independent Cultural Union), Berlin, 1923

reel 11, frame 364

Folder 1054: Aleph א

- OZE (Society for the Protection of the Health of the Jews), including a report of the activities of OZE from 1912-1923 and blank medical cards for schools, Berlin, 1923-1931

reel 11, frame 378

Folder 1055: Aleph א

- Akhisefer, Jerusalem, 1939

- Yidish-Literarish-Muzikalisher Fareyn (Yiddish Literary Musical Union) HaZmir (The Song), Winnipeg, 1914

reel 11, frame 422

Folder 1056: Aleph א

- Yidish-Natsionaler Arbeiter Farband (Jewish National Workers Alliance), New York, also a resolution “About Jewish Economic Problems Undertaken at the 12th Convention of the Jewish National Workers Alliance in Montreal May 17-21, 1930,” 1913-1941, undated

reel 11, frame 427

Folder 1057: Aleph א

- Yidish-Natsionaler Fareyn (Jewish National Union), New Haven, 1913

- Yidish Natsional-Radikale Shul (Jewish National Radical School), Montreal, Port Arthur, New York, Rochester, NY, 1914-1918, undated

- Yidishe Akademishe Kursn (Jewish Academic Courses), New York, 1932

- Yidishe Aktyorn-Yunion (Hebrew Actors’ Union), New York, 1936

reel 11, frame 493

Folder 1058: Aleph א

- Yidishe Arbeter Partey Linke Poalei Tsion (Jewish Workers Party Left Poale Zion), Chicago, 1934

- Yidishe Biuro baym Tsentral-Komitet fun Komunistisher Partey fun di Fareynikte Shtatn (Jewish Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the United States), New York, 1938

- Yidishe Bikher-Agentur (Jewish Book Agency), New York, 1918-1919, undated

reel 11, frame 506

Folder 1059: Aleph א

- Yidishe Literarishe Biuro (Jewish Literary Bureau), New York, undated

- Yidishe Sotsialistishe Teritorialistishe Arbeiter-Partey fun Amerike (Jewish Socialist Territorialist Labor Party of America), New York, 1915

- Yidishe Sotsialistishe Arbeiter Organizatsion Poalei Tsion (Jewish Socialist Labor Organization Poale Zion), Toronto, 1917

- Yidishe Sotsialistishe Arbeiter Yugent (Young Jewish Socialist Workers Organization “Jugent”), New York, 1922

reel 11, frame 526

Folder 1060: Aleph א

- Yidishe Sotsialistishe Arbeter-Partey Poalei Tsion (Jewish Socialist Labor Party Poale Zion America and Canada), New York, including appeals from the Party, 1913-1927, undated

reel 11, frame 531

Folder 1061: Aleph א

- Yidishe Peretz Shuln (Jewish Peretz Schools), Montreal, 1928-1938, undated

reel 11, frame 593

Folder 1062: Aleph א

- Yidishe Folks-Bibliotek (Jewish Public Library), Winnipeg, Montreal, 1934-1936

- Yidishe Folk Shul (Jewish Public School), Toronto, 1935

reel 11, frame 614

Folder 1063: Aleph א

- Yidishe Folkshul-Gezelshaft (Yiddish Public School Society), Detroit, 1927

- Di Yidishe Zeitung (The Jewish Newspaper), Buenos Aires, 1935-1941, undated

reel 11, frame 620

Folder 1064: Aleph א

- Yidishe Kultur-Gezelshaft (Jewish Culture Society), Detroit, including a mailing and resolution undertaken by the Society November 1937, 1935-1937, undated

- Yidishe Kultur-Gezelshaft (Jewish Culture Society), Montreal, 1931

reel 11, frame 633

Folder 1065: Aleph א

- Yidishe Kultur-Gezelshaft (Jewish Culture Society), New York, including a mailing and other materials, 1928-1937, undated

reel 11, frame 645

Folder 1066: Aleph א

- Yidishe Kultur-Gezelshaft (Jewish Culture Society), Santos, Brazil, 1937

- Yidishe Kultur-Gezelshaft (Jewish Culture Society), Cleveland, 1939

- Yidishe Studirndike Yugent (Jewish Students Organization), New York, 1924

reel 11, frame 755

Folder 1067: Aleph א

- Yidisher Arbeter Komitet (Jewish Workers Committee), New York, 1942

- Yidisher Legion far Erets Yisroel (Jewish Palestine Legion Committee), including an armband, New York, 1918, undated

- Yidisher Lerer-Seminar (Jewish Teachers’ Seminary), New York, 1921-1935

reel 11, frame 766

Folder 1068: Aleph א

- Yidisher Muzik Farband (Jewish Music Alliance), New York, 1942-1943, undated

reel 11, frame 788

Folder 1069: Aleph א

- Yidisher Sotsialistisher Farband fun Amerike (Jewish Socialist Alliance), New York, 1930-1939, undated

reel 11, frame 796

Folder 1070: Aleph א

- Yidisher Emigratsie Farband “Emigdirekt” (United Jewish Emigration Committee), Berlin, 1924-1926

reel 11, frame 818

Folder 1071: Aleph א

- Yidisher Folks Institut Yidishe Folks Shul (Jewish Folks Institute Jewish Folks School), Milwaukee, 1928

- Yidisher Folks-Komitet (Jewish Peoples Committee), New York, 1938-1942

reel 11, frame 823

Folder 1072: Aleph א

- Yidisher Familien-Zhurnal (Jewish Family Journal), New York, 1941

- Yidisher Kultur-Klub (Jewish Culture Club), Rio de Janeiro, 1929

- Der Yidisher Kempfer (The Jewish Fighter), organ of the Jewish Socialist Workers Party Poale Zion, Philadelphia, 1906

- Der Yidisher Kempfer (The Jewish Fighter), New York, 1916-1919, 1933-1940, undated

reel 11, frame 833

Folder 1073: Aleph א

- Eins (One), Yiddish literary journal in Palestine, Tel Aviv, 1928

reel 11, frame 857

Folder 1074: Aleph א

- Internatsionaler Arbeiter Ordn (International Workers Order), various sections and committees, Philadelphia, New York, Los Angeles, 1937-1943, undated

reel 11, frame 860

Folder 1075: Aleph א

- Initsiativ Komitet far Yidish in di Amerikaner Shuln (Committee for Yiddish in Public and High Schools in America), New York, 1933

reel 11, frame 915

Folder 1076: Aleph א

- Algemayne Entsiklopedie in Yidish (Yiddish Encyclopedia), published by the S. Dubnow Fund, including correspondence between the Dubnow Fund and YIVO, among other materials, Berlin, New York, Paris, 1931-1941

reel 11, frame 919

Folder 1077: Aleph א

- Alveltlekher Yudisher Sotsialistisher Arbeiter-Farband Poalei Tsion (World Jewish Socialist Workers Association Poale Zion), Vienna, 1910-1920, undated

reel 11, frame 983

Folder 1078: Aleph א

- Alveltlekher Yidisher Kultur-Farband “IKUF” (World Jewish Culture Association), Detroit, Toronto, Philadelphia, Winnipeg, Los Angeles, New York, 1934-1943, undated

reel 11, frame 1007

Folder 1079: Aleph א

- Alveltlekher Yidisher Kultur-Farband “IKUF” (World Jewish Culture Association), New York, Paris, Cleveland, San Francisco, Winnipeg, Los Angeles, Detroit, Philadelphia, Chicago, 1936-1943, undated

reel 11, frame 1104

Folder 1080: Aleph א

- Alef (the first letter of the alphabet), laboratory literature journal, monthly journal, New York, 1940

- Amerikaner Spinoza-Institut, Yidishe Opteylung (Spinoza Institute of America, Jewish Section), New York, undated

reel 12, frame 1

Folder 1081: Aleph א

- Ansky Farlag (Ansky Publishers), Vilna, Warsaw, New York, 1929-1933

reel 12, frame 7

Folder 1082: Aleph א

- Ost-Yudishe Klub in Prag (Eastern European Jewish Club of Prague), Prague, 1914

- Akademickie Kolo Spoleczno-Naukowe Studentow Universitetskich Stefana Batorego (Academic Circle of Social Science Students at Stephen Batory University, now Vilnius University), Vilna, 1935

reel 12, frame 16

Folder 1083: Aleph א

- Akademisher Fareyn far Yidishe Geshikhte un Literatur (Academic Union for Yiddish History and Literature), Dorpat (Tartu), Estonia, 1924, 1934

- Akademisher Fareyn “Yudishe Kultur” (Academic Union “Jewish Culture”), Czernowitz, 1913, undated

reel 12, frame 19

Folder 1084: Aleph א

- Arbeter Blok farn Amerikaner Yidishn Kongress (Labor Bloc for the American Jewish Congress), New York, 1935

- Arbeter-Lig farn Alveltlekhn Yidishn Kongres (The Workmen’s League for the Jewish World Congress), New York, 1934

- Arbeter Tsukunft Klub (Workers Future Club), New York, 1933

reel 12, frame 33

Folder 1085: Aleph א

- Arbeter-Ring (Workmen’s Circle), [some of the earlier documents are labeled Arbeiter Ring], New York, 1913-1943, undated

reel 12, frame 47

Folder 1086: Aleph א

- Arbeter-Ring Shuln (Workmen’s Circle Schools), [some of the earlier documents are labeled Arbeiter Ring], Madison, WI, Toronto, New York, Chicago, 1934-1941, undated

reel 12, frame 142

Folder 1087: Aleph א

- Organizatsie far Nit-Parteysher Yidisher Arbeter Kinder Dertsiung (Non-Partisan Yiddish Workers Children’s Education), New York, undated

- Organizir Komitet far a Fayerung in Farbindung mit der Sprakh Konferents in Biro-Bidjan (Organizing Committee for a Celebration in Connection with the Language Conference in Birobidjan), New York, 1937

reel 12, frame 158

Folder 1088: Aleph א

- ORT (The Society for Trades and Agricultural Labor), Central Committee Berlin, also some from Paris and New York, including meeting minutes, reports, mailings, and other materials in Yiddish, German, English, Russian, 1923-1932, undated

reel 12, frame 161

Folder 1089: Aleph א

- ORT (The Society for Trades and Agricultural Labor), American ORT Federation, New York, also some from Berlin and Marseille, 1922-1943

reel 12, frame 347

Folder 1090: Aleph א

- ORT (The Society for Trades and Agricultural Labor) in Bukowina, including a report, Czernowitz, 1926

- ORT (The Society for Trades and Agricultural Labor), Central Committee Warsaw, 1925

reel 12, frame 416

Folder 1091: Aleph א

- Arkhiv-Komisie fun di Parteyn S.S., I.S. un Fareynikte (Archive Commission of the Zionist Socialist Workers Party SSRP, Jewish Socialist Workers Party SERP and United Jewish Socialist Workers Party), Berlin, 1928

- Arkhiyon u’Muzeon shel T’nuat HaAvodah (Archive and Museum of the Jewish Labor Movement), Tel Aviv, 1937

reel 12, frame 421

Folder 1092: Beys ב

- Baginen (Dawn), Socialist monthly journal, Vilna, 1935

- Bodn (Soil), quarterly journal, New York, 1935

- Botvin Komitet (Friends of Botvin Battalion to Aid the Jewish Volunteers of Spain and Their Families in Poland), including an appeal to help the surviving combatants, New York, 1939-1940

reel 12, frame 429

Folder 1093: Beys ב

- Boro Parker Arbeter Klub (Boro Park Workers Club), New York 1934

- Bund Yubilay-Komitet (Bund Celebration Committee), 35 and 40 year celebrations, New York, 1932-1935

reel 12, frame 436

Folder 1094: Beys ב

- Beekher Corporation Capital Campaign, New York, 1929

- Bikher (books) Cooperative, including a list of books sold and various bills, Warsaw, 1927-1938, undated

reel 12, frame 445

Folder 1095: Beys-Gimel ב-ג

- Dr. Nathan Birnbaum Celebration Committee, Vienna, 1913

- Bet HaSefer HaReali HaIvri b’Haifa (Hebrew Reali School of Haifa), Haifa, 1914

- Bet HaSeferim shel HaUniversitah (Hebrew University Library), Jerusalem, 1925, 1935

- Bamaaleh (On the Ascent), newspaper of the Labor Youth Movement in Palestine, Tel Aviv, 1932

- Garden Cities Mutual Association, Brooklyn, 1931

- Bnai Brith Lodge Jerusalem Library, Jerusalem, 1931

- Berliner Komitet l’koved dem Yubilayum fun Baal-Makhshoves (Isidor Eliashev) (Berlin Committee in Honor of the celebration of Baal-Makhshoves (Isidor Eliashev)), Berlin, 1923-1925

reel 12, frame 469

Folder 1096: Gimel ג

- Der Galvestoner Emigrant (The Galveston Immigrant), newspaper of the Galveston Immigration Movement, Kiev, 1911

- Gezelshaft Oystsuforshn dos Yiddishe Kind (Society to Study the Jewish Child), an organization to bring culture to the workers population, Kovno, 1925

reel 12, frame 493

Folder 1097: Gimel ג

- Gezelshaft far Yidishe Landvirtshaftlekhe Yishuvim in Amerike (Association for Jewish Farm Settlements in the United States), including bulletins and mailings, New York, 1933-1934, undated

reel 12, frame 499

Folder 1098: Gimel ג

- Gezelshaft far Yidisher Kolonizatsie in Sovetn Farband “ICOR” (Association for Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union), New York, 1928-1943

reel 12, frame 591

Folder 1099: Gimel ג

- Gezelshaft far Folkskunst-Bine (Association for a Yiddish Public Art Theatre), including the goals for the newly-established organization, New York, 1932-1933

reel 12, frame 665

Folder 1100: Gimel ג

- Gemaynzamer Hilfskomitet fun di Tsentrale Organizatsies (United Committee of Jewish Central Organizations) ORT, OZE, Emigdirekt, Berlin, 1926

reel 12, frame 694

Folder 1101: Daled ד

- Jewish Digest, monthly journal, New York, 1940

- Jewish Daily Forward (Forverts), New York, also, other branches, 1927-1940, undated

reel 12, frame 701

Folder 1102: Daled ד

- Jewish Times, London, 1913 (see Di Tsayt)

- The Jewish Morning Journal, New York, 1936

- Jewish People’s Relief Committee, New York, 1921-1922

reel 12, frame 733

Folder 1103: Daled ד

- Jewish Council for Russian War Relief, Inc., New York, 1942

reel 12, frame 738

Folder 1104: Hey ה

- Harlem Yidishe Folks Shul (Harlem Jewish Public School), New York, 1922

- HaHistadrut HaKlalit shel HaOvdim HaIvrim B’Eretz Yisrael (General Federation of Jewish Labour in Eretz-Israel (Palestine)), Tel Aviv, 1937-1939

reel 12, frame 743

Folder 1105: Hey ה

- Hebrew Literature Society, Philadelphia, 1922

- Di Heim Farlag (The Home Publishers), New York, 1920, undated

- Haint (Today), daily newspaper, Warsaw, 1914

reel 12, frame 747

Folder 1106: Hey ה

- Hilfs-Komitet far di Yidishe Shuln in Poyln (Relief Committee for Jewish Schools in Poland), including an appeal sent out by the Committee, New York, 1932-1938, undated

- Haolam (The World), Vilna, 1909

reel 12, frame 757

Folder 1107: Vov ו

- Vuhin (To Where), monthly immigration journal, Kiev, 1912

- Vokh (Week), weekly journal for literature, culture and organized society, New York, 1930

- Workers Cooperative Library, New York, 1942

reel 12, frame 777

Folder 1108: Vov ו

- Der Vayter Mizrach (The Far East), the first Yiddish newspaper in Siberia, Harbin, 1921

- Vilner Grupe Linke Sotsialistn-Revolutsionern (The Vilna Group of the Left Socialist Revolutionaries), Vilna, undated

- Vilner Tog (The Vilna Day), Vilna, 1929

- Di Vilner Trupe (The Vilna Troupe), American tour, New York, 1925

- Vilner Yidishe Bildungs-Gezelshaft (Vilna Jewish Educational Society) VILBIG, Vilna, 1933

reel 12, frame 785

Folder 1109: Vov ו

- Vilkomir Yidishe Real-Gimnazie (Wilkomir Jewish Reali Gymnasium), Wilkomir (Ukmerge), Lithuania, 1924-1930, undated

reel 12, frame 796

Folder 1110: Vov ו

- Virtshaft un Lebn (Economy and Life), bimonthly journal published by ORT, Berlin, 1930-1931

- Der Veg (The Way), daily newspaper, Mexico, 1932

- Velt-Farband fun Poylishe Yidn in Oysland (World Federation of Polish Jews Abroad), London, New York, Tel Aviv, Buenos Aires, 1939

reel 12, frame 808

Folder 1111: Vov ו

- Der Veker (The Alarm Clock), organ of the Jewish Socialist Union in America, biweekly journal, New York, 1933-1942

reel 12, frame 815

Folder 1112: Tes ט

- Der Tog (The Day), daily newspaper, New York, 1915-1932

reel 12, frame 820

Folder 1113: Tes ט

- Der Tog (The Day), daily newspaper, New York, 1933-1937

reel 12, frame 894

Folder 1114: Tes ט

- Der Tog (The Day), daily newspaper, New York, 1938-1943, undated

reel 12, frame 959

Folder 1115: Tes ט

- Der Tog (The Day), daily newspaper, Paris, 1932

- TOZ (Society for the Protection of the Health of the Jewish Community in Poland), connected with OZE, Vilna branch, 1934

- Teater un Kultur-Gezelshaft in America (Theater and Culture Association in America), New York, 1939

reel 12, frame 1063

Folder 1116: Tes ט

- Teater-Libhober-Gezelshaft (Theatre Lovers Society), “TEALIG”, New York, 1931

- Di Tribune (The Tribune), biweekly journal, Copenhagen, 1916

reel 12, frame 1068

Folder 1117: Yud י

- Yehoash Folk-Shul Organizatsie (Yehoash Public School Organization), Pittsburgh, 1928

- Yehoash Farlag Gezelshaft (Yehoash Publishers Association), including an appeal from the Yehoash Tanakh Popular Publication Commission, New York, 1936-1941

- Yehoash Komitet tsu Fayern dem Siyum fun Yehoash’s Tanakh Iberzetsung in Yidish (Committee to Celebrate the Conclusion of Yehoash’s Translation of the Tanakh into Yiddish), New York, 1935-1936, undated

reel 12, frame 1074

Folder 1118: Yud י

- Yudishe Literarishe Gezelshaft (Yiddish Literary Journal), St. Petersburg, Russia, 1911

- Yudishe Studentishe Assotsiatse (Jewish Students Association) “KHEROUTH”, Liege, Belgium, 1914

- Di Yudishe Tsukunft (The Jewish Future), monthly journal, London, 1904

- Yudisher Akademisher Kultur-Fareyn (Jewish Academic Cultural Union), Munich, 1914 (missing)

- Der Yudisher Emigrant (The Jewish Emigrant), biweekly journal, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1912

- Yunger Yudisher Kemfer (Young Jewish Fighter), organ of the Poale Zion youth clubs, monthly journal, New York, undated

reel 12, frame 1106

Folder 1119: Yud י

- Yidish (Yiddish), weekly journal of the Yiddish Culture Association, including an announcement for a banquet honoring the beginning of publication of the journal, New York, 1932-1933, undated

- Yidish Arbeter Kultur-Krayzn in Palestine (Jewish Workers Cultural Circle in Palestine), the letter is directed to Chanin, Jerusalem, 1923

- Yidishe Bildungs-Gezelshaft in Lite (Jewish Educational Society in Lithuania), Kovno, 1926, undated

reel 12, frame 1112

Folder 1120: Yud י

- Yidishe Historish-Etnografishe Gezelshaft (Jewish Historical Ethnographic Society), Vilna, 1926, undated

- Yidishe Sotsialistishe Arbeiter Partey (Jewish Socialist Workers Party), 1907

- Yidishe Sotsialistishe Folkspartey Tseiri-Tsion (Jewish Socialist Populist Party Zeire Zion), Central Committee for Belgium, Antwerp, 1926

reel 12, frame 1126

Folder 1121: Yud י

- Yidishes Tageblat, Yidishe Gazeten (The Jewish Daily News, The Jewish Gazette), daily newspaper, weekly newspaper, New York, 1905

- Yidishe Folks-Bildung-Lige (Jewish Public Education League), Warsaw, 1924

- Yidishe Farlags-Gezelshaft “Kultur” (Yiddish Publishing Association “Culture”), Czernowitz, 1924

- Yidishe Kooperative Heim Gezelshaft (Jewish Cooperative Home Association), New York, 1926, undated

- Yidishe Kultur Gezelshaft (Yiddish Culture Society), Midwest Region Committee, Chcago, also a bit from Detroit, 1935-1941, undated

reel 12, frame 1132

Folder 1122: Yud י

- Yidishe Kultur-Federatsie (Jewish Culture Federation), Central Committee, Czernowitz, 1923

- Yidishe Shul-Organizatsie Hoytptfarvaltung (Yiddish School Organization, Chief Administrative Office), including an appeal from the Yiddish public school system, Warsaw, 1927-1937

- Yidishe Shul-Organizatsie (Yiddish School Organization) Bialystok branch, also Vilna region, Bialystok, Vilna, 1927-1936

- Yidisher Akademisher Fareyn “Ivriyah” (Jewish Academic Union “Hebrew”), Friedberg, Germany, 1914

- Yidisher Akademisher Kultur-Fareyn (Jewish Academic Cultural Union), Heidelberg, Germany, 1913

reel 12, frame 1157

Folder 1123: Yud י

- Yidisher Visnshaftlekher Institut (Yiddish Scientific Institute) YIVO, American branch, includes correspondence from the Society of Friends of YIVO from 1931-1940, at which point there ceased to be YIVO in Vilna, New York, 1926-1943, undated

reel 12, frame 1171

Folder 1124: Yud י

- YIVO in Argentina, Central Library and Archives, Buenos Aires, 1940-1943, undated

reel 13, frame 1

Folder 1125: Yud י

- YIVO, Central Office for Foreign Affairs in Berlin, includes a letter to H. Shapiro, the publisher of Der Tog, also an enclosure detailing the various organizational sections of YIVO, Berlin, 1928-1930

reel 13, frame 8

Folder 1126: Yud י

- YIVO, Central Administration in Vilna, including a 1935 report about the situation in YIVO, 1928-1938, undated

reel 13, frame 21

Folder 1127: Yud י

- Yidisher Literatn un Zhurnalistn-Klub in Erets Yisroel (The Club of Jewish Authors and Journalists of Palestine), Tel Aviv, 1929

- Yidisher Lerer-Seminar baym Tsentraln Bildungs-Komitet in Vilne (Jewish Teachers Seminar at the Central Education Committee in Vilna), Vilna, 1924

- Yidisher PEN-Klub (Yiddish PEN Club), Warsaw, 1935

- Yidisher PEN-Klub (Yiddish PEN Club), New York, 1930-1941

reel 13, frame 69

Folder 1128: Yud י

- Yidisher Kultur-Front (Jewish Culture Center), Paris, 1936-1937, undated

- Yidisher Shul un Kultur Farband “Shul-Kult” (Jewish School and Culture Union “School Club”), Warsaw, 1932

- Yidisher Shul Fareyn far der Bukovine (Jewish School Union for Bukovina), Czernowitz, 1928

- Yidisher Kultur-Krayz in Vin (Jewish Culture Circle in Vienna), Vienna, undated

reel 13, frame 78

Folder 1129: Lamed ל

- Luis Lamed Fond far Undzer Literatur in Beyde Shprakhn (Louis Lamed Foundation for the Advancement of Hebrew and Yiddish Literature), Detroit, 1941

- League Against Fascism and Dictatorship, New York, 1939

- Lige far Rekht fun Yidish in Erets Yisroel (League for Rights of Yiddish in Palestine), New York, 1935-1937

reel 13, frame 91

Folder 1130: Lamed ל

- Literarish-Dramatisher Fareyn “H.N. Bialik” (Literary-Dramatic Union “H.N. Bialik”), Reval (Tallinn), Estonia, 1937

- Literarishe Bleter (Literary Pages), illustrated weekly journal for literature, theater and art, Warsaw, 1924-1928, undated

reel 13, frame 107

Folder 1131: Lamed ל

- Literarisher Farlag (Yiddish Literary Publishing Co., Inc.), New York, 1912-1915

- A. Liessin Bibliotek (A. Liessin Library), at the A. Liessin School, New York, undated

- Lebn un Visenshaft (Life and Knowledge), monthly journal, Vilna, undated

reel 13, frame 116

Folder 1132: Mem מ

- Moment (Moment), daily newspaper, Warsaw, 1924-1930, undated

- Morgnzaitung (Morning Newspaper), daily newspaper, Buenos Aires, 1936

reel 13, frame 121

Folder 1133: Mem מ

- Morgn Freiheit (Morning Freedom), daily newspaper, also a letter from 1923, New York, 1923, 1937-1942, undated

reel 13, frame 130

Folder 1134: Mem מ

- Mizrach-Yidisher Historisher Arkhiv (Eastern Jews Historical Archive), Berlin, 1924

- Merkaz Agudat HaMorim (Center for Teachers Union), Jaffa, Israel, 1914

- Misrad HaAvodah (Ministry of Labor), Jaffa, Israel, 1914-1915

reel 13, frame 154

Folder 1135: Nun נ

- Naturalization Aid League, New York, 1932

- Natsional Sotsialistisher Arbeiter Komitet (National Socialist Workmen’s Committee), New York, 1918

- National Jewish Press Association, New York, 1921

reel 13, frame 168

Folder 1136: Nun נ

- New York Branch of the “Bund”, New York, 1912

- The New York Group of the Russian Social Revolutionary Party, New York, 1918-1919

reel 13, frame 175

Folder 1137: Nun נ

- Dos Naye Vort (The New Word), daily newspaper, Warsaw, 1935

- Di Naye Velt (The New World), organ of the Jewish Socialist Federation of America, weekly journal, New York, undated

- Naye Lebn (New Life), published by ICOR, monthly journal, New York, 1941-1943

reel 13, frame 188

Folder 1138: Nun נ

- Dos Naye Lebn (The New Life), daily newspaper, Bialystok, 1924-1925

- Dos Naye Lebn (The New Life), monthly newspaper, New York, 1909-1914

reel 13, frame 195

Folder 1139: Nun-Samech נ-ס

- Naye Folkstsaytung (New Peoples Newspaper), daily newspaper, Warsaw, 1927

- Independent Socialist Labour Party of Poland, Warsaw, 1933

- Sunrise Cooperative Farm Community, Alicia, Michigan, undated

reel 13, frame 221

Folder 1140: Samech ס

- Sotsialistishe Arbeiter Partey in Erets Yisroel Poalei Tsion (Socialist Workers Party of Palestine Poale Zion), Haifa, 1920

- Social Literary Club, New York, 1915

- Second Avenue Cultural Center, New York, 1942

reel 13, frame 229

Folder 1141: Pey פ

- Di Post (The Jewish Post), oldest Jewish daily newspaper in Great Britain, London, 1929

- Poalei-Tseirei-Tsion (Marxist and non-Marxist Socialist Zionist party) Detroit, undated

- Pinski-Massel Press Publishers, New York, 1914-1915

- People’s Book Store, Winnipeg, 1913-1915

reel 13, frame 233

Folder 1142: Pey פ

- Progresiver Arbeter Ring Komitet (Progressive Workmen’s Circle Committee), New York, 1943

- Proletarisher Gedank (Proletarian Thought), organ of the Left Poale Zion Jewish Workers Party, monthly journal, New York, 1936

- “Proletpen” (Union of Proletarian Writers), New York, 1933

- Profesionaler Fareyn fun Yidisher Literatn un Zhurnalistn in Vilne (Union of Professional Yiddish Writers and Journalists in Vilna), Vilna, 1924, 1937

- Di Presse (The Press), daily newspaper, Buenos Aires, 1938-1942

reel 13, frame 246

Folder 1143: Pey פ

- I.L. Peretz Shul (I.L. Peretz School), Winnipeg, 1928-1939, undated

reel 13, frame 257

Folder 1144: Pey פ

- I.L. Peretz Shreiber Fareyn (Yiddish Writers Union), includes dues notices and receipts, New York, 1919-1943, undated

reel 13, frame 274

Folder 1145: Fey פֿ

- Folksblat (People’s Paper), daily newspaper, Kovno, 1933-1935, undated

- Fond far Yidishe Shrayber Flikhtlingen (Fund for Jewish Refugee Writers), New York, 1941-1942

reel 13, frame 361

Folder 1146: Fey פֿ

- Fareynikung fun Yidishe Shriftshteler (Union of Yiddish Writers), undated

- Fareynikte Yidishe Organizatsies (United Jewish Organizations), Affiliated Independent Jewish Landsmanshaften and Benevolent Societies, New York, 1936

- Fareynikte Yidishe Sotsialistishe Arbeter Partey Poalei Tsion Tseirei Tsion (United Jewish Socialist Labor Party Poale Zion Zeire Zion of America), including the program of the Party, New York, 1932-1936

reel 13, frame 367

Folder 1147: Fey פֿ

- Fareyn fun Yidishe Literatn un Zhurnalistn (Association of Jewish Writers and Journalists), Czernowitz, 1933

- Fareyn fun Mediker Yidn baym Vilner Universitet (Union of Jewish Medical Personnel at Vilna University), Vilna, 1928

- Farband fun Yidishe Studentn-Fareynen in Daytshland (Association of Jewish Student Unions in Germany), Berlin, 1923-1924

reel 13, frame 381

Folder 1148: Fey פֿ

- Farlag “Shul un Lebn” (“School and Life” Publishers), Warsaw, 1923

- Di Feder (The Pen), monthly literary journal, New York, 1936

- Federativer Komitet fun der Yidisher Sotsialistisher Arbeiter Partey Poalei Tsion (Federated Committee of the Jewish Socialist Workers Party Poale Zion), Philadelphia, 1921

- The Federation of Jewish Farmers of America, New York, 1916-1918

reel 13, frame 386

Folder 1149: Fey פֿ

- Federation of Polish Jews of America, New York, 1933-1939

reel 13, frame 395

Folder 1150: Fey פֿ

- Fareyn “Yidishe Yugend” (Young Jews National Club), Winnipeg, 1913

- Fareyn far Yudishe Folks-Muzik (Union for Jewish People’s Music), St. Petersburg, 1911

- Fareyn fun Yudishe Literatn un Zhurnalistn (Association of Jewish Writers and Journalists), Warsaw, 1928-1930

- “Freiland” Yidishe Teritorialistishe Lige (Yiddish Territorialist League “Free Land”), American branch, New York, 1938-1942

reel 13, frame 407

Folder 1151: Fey פֿ

- Fraynt fun Yidishn Kunst Teater (Friends of the Yiddish Art Theatre), New York, 1937

- Freie Arbeiter Group (Free Workers Group), New York, 1938

- Freie Arbeiter Stimme (Free Workers Voice), weekly journal, New York, 1931-1941, undated

- Dos Freie Vort (The Free Word), Yiddish radical weekly newspaper, London, 1933

- Di Fraye Yugnt (The Free Youth), published by the Philadelphia branch of the Poale Zion Youth Union, Philadelphia, 1933

reel 13, frame 418

Folder 1152: Tsadek צ

- Die Zukunft (The Future), monthly journal, New York, 1900-1905, 1918-1941, undated

reel 13, frame 455

Folder 1153: Tsadek צ

- Tsionistish-Sotsialistisher Partey Tseirei Tsion (Zionist Socialist Party Zeire Zion), Dvinsk, undated

- Centro Cultural de Estudiantes Israelitas (Jewish Student Cultural Center), Mexico, 1935

- “Central” Publishers, Warsaw, 1931

reel 13, frame 520

Folder 1154: Tsadek צ

- Tsentrale Yidishe Bibliotek un Prese Arkhiv (Central Jewish Library and Press Archives), New York, 1936-1941

- Tsentrale Yidishe Kultur-Organizatsie (Central Yiddish Cultural Organization) “CYCO”, New York, 1939-1940

- Tsentrale Yidishe Shul-Organizatsie in Letland (Central Jewish School Organization in Latvia), Riga, 1924-1931

reel 13, frame 525

Folder 1155: Tsadek צ

- Tsentrale Farvaltung fun Yidishe Folkshuln in Filadelfie (Central Management of Jewish Schools in Philadelphia), Philadelphia, 1928-1934

- Tsentral Komitet fun Yidishe Folk-Shuln (Central Committee of the Jewish Folk Schools), associated with the Jewish National Workers Union and Poale Zion Zeire Zion, New York, 1932-1939

- Tsentraler Bildungs Komitet (Central Education Committee) “Ts.B.K.”, Vilna, 1924-1933

reel 13, frame 542

Folder 1156: Kuf ק

- Kovner Yidishe Komerts-Gimnazie (Kovno Jewish Commerce High School), Kovno, 1930-1937

- The Call, monthly journal published by the Workmen’s Circle, New York, undated

- Committee of Sponsors for the Celebration of 15 Years Biro-Bidjan, New York, 1943

- Committee for the Society for the Promotion of Culture among the Jews of Russia, OPE, St. Petersburg, 1914

reel 13, frame 559

Folder 1157: Kuf ק

- Komitet oyf Aroystsugebn Eliezer Staynbargs Shriftn (Committee to Publish Eliezer Steinbarg’s Writings), Czernowitz, 1932

- Komitet fun Yidishe Shreiber, Kinstsler un Visnshaftler in Amerike (Committee of Jewish Writers and Artists in the United States), New York, 1941-1943, undated

reel 13, frame 567

Folder 1158: Kuf ק

- Komitet tsu Restavrirn I.B. Levinsons Hoyz un Shafn Dort a Muzeum un Leze-Zal in Kremenitz (Committee to Restore I.B. Levinson’s House and Create a Museum and Reading Room in Kremenets), Kremenets, Ukraine, 1939

- Kanader “ICOR” (Canadian ICOR, Association for Jewish Colonization in the Soviet Union), Toronto, undated

- World Jewish Congress, including a proposed appeal to American Jews, Paris, 1934-1936, undated

reel 13, frame 642

Folder 1159: Kuf ק

- Kongres far Hebreyisher Shprakh un Kultur (Congress for Hebrew Language and Culture), Berlin, undated

- Konferents far der Yudisher Shprakh (Conference for the Yiddish language), including minutes, Czernowitz, 1908

- Kibbutz Galuyot (Ingathering of the Exiles, Zionist movement), Tel Aviv, 1929

- Kultur (Culture), illustrated weekly newspaper for literary, artistic and cultural ideas, Chicago, undated

- Kultur-Lige (Culture League), cooperative publishers, Warsaw, 1922-1928, undated

- Kultur-Lige (Culture League), Kovno, 1930

reel 13, frame 657

Folder 1160: Kuf ק

- Kinder Zhurnal (Children’s Journal), published by the Farlag Matones, Publishers of the Shalom Aleichem Institute, monthly children’s magazine, New York, 1929-1943, undated

reel 13, frame 681

Folder 1161: Kuf ק

- Kinder Teater un Dramatishe Studio (Children’s Theater and Drama Studio), New York, 1930

- Kinder Sanatorie (Children’s Sanatorium), named after V. Medem in Miedzeszyn, Warsaw, 1930-1932

reel 13, frame 712

Folder 1162: Kuf ק

- Kemp Neivelt (Camp New World), New York, 1936

- Kanader Odler (The Jewish Daily Eagle), daily newspaper, Montreal, 1942-1943

- Kanader Yidisher Kongres (Canadian Jewish Congress), Montreal, 1919

- Di Krapotkin Literatur Gezelshaft (The Krapotkin Publication Union), published the Socialist classics as well as other social, political works in Yiddish, New York, 1915

- Kfat HaPoalim HaEretz-Yisrael (The Palestine Workers’ Fund), Tel Aviv, 1929

reel 13, frame 718

Folder 1163: Resh ר

- Russian War Relief, Inc., including an appeal to the first yearly conference of the Jewish Council for Russian War Relief, Albert Einstein’s speech from a public banquet in his honor in October 1942, and other materials, mainly in English, New York, 1941-1943, undated

- Rimon Farlag (Rimon Publishers), for Yiddish art and literature, Berlin, 1923

reel 13, frame 733

Folder 1164: Shin ש

- Shul Almanakh (School Almanac), modern Yiddish schools throughout the world, including a question page for the School Almanac, Philadelphia, 1934-1935

- Shikago (Chicago), monthly literary journal, Chicago, 1934

- Shechunat Ovdim –Nevey Hayim (Workers Estates), cooperative, Hadera, Israel, 1937

reel 13, frame 791"

Folder 1165: Shin ש

- Shalom Aleichem Yugnt Gezelshaft (Shalom Aleichem Youth Society), including a report from the second conference of the Society, February 1937, New York, 1937-1941, undated

reel 13, frame 802

Folder 1166: Shin ש

- Shalom Aleichem Folk Institute, branch of the Jewish Cultural Society, Detroit, New York, Chicago, 1921-1943, undated

reel 13, frame 815

Folder 1167: Shin ש

- Shalom Aleichem Folkshul 2, 6, 7, New York, Perth Amboy, NJ, 1936-1941, undated

reel 13, frame 920

Folder 1168: Shin ש

- Shriftn (Writings), published every three months by the “America” Publishers, New York, 1919, 1931, undated

reel 13, frame 933

Subseries 2: Correspondence in Other Languages
This subseries includes about 300 organizations, predominantly American Jewish political groups, publishers and educational institutions. There is also significant correspondence with Socialist publications in Europe, notably in Germany. This correspondence is arranged alphabetically according to the Latin alphabet. The language of each letter or set of letters in written in parentheses following the name of the organization.
Folders: 43
Folder 1169: A

- Akademischer Verlag fuer Sociale Wissenschaften (Academic Publishers for Social Sciences), Berlin, Bern, 1900-1902, undated (German)

reel 13, frame 943

Folder 1170: A

- The Amalgamated Bank of New York, New York, 1926-1931, undated (English)

- American Committee Appeal for the Jews in Poland, New York, 1937 (English)

- American Committee for Protection of Foreign Born, New York, 1940 (English)

- American Friends Service Committee, New York, 1939 (English)

reel 13, frame 1135

Folder 1171: A

- American Jewish Congress, New York, 1932-1937, undated (English)

reel 13, frame 1150

Folder 1172: A

- The American Jewish Chronicle, a national weekly, New York, 1916-1917 (English)

- The American Jewish Committee, New York, 1916, 1932-1942 (English)

- American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, including the American Jewish Joint Agricultural Corporation (Agro-Joint), New York, 1920-1928, 1942-1943 (English)

reel 14, frame 1

Folder 1173: A

- The American League Against War and Fascism, New York, undated (English)

- American League to Combat Anti-Semitism, Inc., New York, 1939 (English)

- American Rescue Ship Mission, New York, 1940-1941 (English)

- The American Socialist Quarterly, the theoretical organ of the Socialist Party, New York, 1935 (English)

- American Workers Party, New York, 1934 (English)

reel 14, frame 23

Folder 1174: B

- “Back to Herzl” Committee, New York, 1927 (English)

- Bankers Trust Company, New York, 1925 (English)

- Basler Zeitung und Handelsblatt (Basel Newspaper and Trade Journal), including a postcard from Engelbert Pernerstorfer in Bern, Basel, 1895, 1903 (German)

- Bennington College, Bennington, VT, 1934 (English)

reel 14, frame 39

Folder 1175: B

- Bibliographical Encyclopedia of American Jews, New York, 1934 (English)

- Bielorusskoe Press Bureau (Belarussian Press Bureau), Riga, 1920 (Russian)

- Boni and Liverright, Inc. Publishers, New York, 1917 (English)

- Bratskoe Obstchestwo (Brotherhood Aid Society for Russian Immigrants), Pittsburgh, 1905 (Russian)

- Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, 1936 (English)

- The Brooklyn Jewish Center, Brooklyn, 1928 (English)

reel 14, frame 47

Folder 1176: C

- Campaign for Jewish War Sufferers, New York, 1916 (English)

- The Central Commission for Jewish Colonization, New York, 1933-1934, undated (English)

reel 14, frame 60

Folder 1177: C

- College of the City of New York, New York, 1930-1936 (English)

- Committee for the Defense of Dr. Israel Zinberg, New York, undated (English)

- Committee for the Publication of The Great Russian Revolution by Victor M. Chernov, New York, 1932 (English)

- Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, Washington, D.C., 1928, undated (English)

- Conference on Jewish Relations, Inc., New York, 1937 (English)

- Congress of American National Groups, New York, 1938 (English)

- Cope and Harrison Smith, New York, 1932 (English)

Council for Democracy, New York, 1942 (English)

reel 14, frame 94

Folder 1178: D

- Darkest Russia, London, 1913 (English)

- Deutsche Worte (German Word), monthly journal, Vienna, 1899-1905 (German)

reel 14, frame 115

Folder 1179: E

- The Educational Alliance, New York, 1905, 1935 (English)

- Educational Department, Amalgamated Cooperative Apartments, New York, 1933 (English)

- Emergency Committee to Stop Deportations to the Sahara Desert, New York, 1941 (English)

reel 14, frame 119

Folder 1180: E

- English Zionist Federation, London, 1917 (English)

- The Encyclopedia Britannica, New York, 1917 (English)

- Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, New York, 1930 (English)

- The Equitable Life Assurance Society, New York, 1939-1941 (English)

reel 14, frame 125

Folder 1181: F

- Federal Works Agency Work Projects Administration, New York, 1939 (English)

- Der Fraind (The Friend), daily Jewish newspaper, St. Petersburg, 1906 (Russian)

- The Free Age Press, London, 1900 (Russian)

- Free Synagogue, New York, 1937 (English)

reel 14, frame 136

Folder 1182: F, G

- Freeson Magazine, an American Jewish Monthly, New York, 1933 (English)

- Die Freistatt (The Sanctuary), national Jewish monthly magazine, Berlin, 1913 (German)

- Fund for the Relief of Men of Letters and Scientists of Russia, New York, 1932 (English)

- The Graduate School for Jewish Social Work, New York, 1932-1937 (English)

reel 14, frame 142

Folder 1183: H-J

- Het Volk (The People), daily newspaper of the Workers Party, Amsterdam, 1903-1904 (Dutch)

- Internationaler Arbeiter Bund (International Workers Federation), Elizabeth, NJ, 1905 (German)

- The Jewish Agricultural Society, Inc., New York, 1931 (English)

- The Israelite Daily Press, 100th Anniversary Souvenir, Winnipeg, 1932 (English)

reel 14, frame 154

Folder 1184: J

- Jewish Antifascist Committee, Moscow, 1942 (English)

reel 14, frame 160

Folder 1185: J

- Jewish Biographical Bureau, Who’s Who in American Jewry, New York, 1926-1943 (English)

- The Jewish Chronicle, The Jewish World, two weekly newspapers, London, 1921 (English)

- Jewish Daily Bulletin, New York, 1934 (English)

- Jewish Educational Club, Jewish Community Building, Buffalo, NY, 1922 (English)

reel 14, frame 175

Folder 1186: J

- The Jewish Forum, monthly magazine, New York, 1922 (English)

- The Jewish Publication Society of America, New York, 1913 (English)

- The Jewish Reconstruction Fund, Ltd., founded by ORT, London, Berlin, Paris, New York, 1925-1935 (English, French, German, Yiddish)

reel 14, frame 188

Folder 1187: J

- The Jewish Settlement, Cincinnati, 1921 (English)

- The Jewish Spectator, national Jewish Monthly, New York, 1936 (English)

- Jewish Statistical Bureau, New York, 1933 (English)

- The Jewish Survey, New York, 1941-1942 (English)

reel 14, frame 206

Folder 1188: J

- Jewish Telegraphic Agency, including a copy of Central Verein Zeitung (Central Association of Newspapers), New York, Berlin, 1932-1935 (English, German)

- Jewish Territorial Organization, New York, 1939 (English)

- Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York, 1936-1939 (English, Yiddish)

reel 14, frame 212

Folder 1189: J

- Joodsch Correspondentie-Bureau (Jewish Correspondence Bureau), The Hague, Zurich, 1913 (English)

- Der Jude, Revue der Juedischen Moderne (The Jew, Journal of Jewish modernity), Berlin, 1903 (German)

- The Judge, New York, 1938 (English)

- Der Judishe Encyclopedia (The Jewish Encyclopedia), St. Petersburg, 1904 (Russian)

- Judische Lesehalle und Kulturverein (Jewish Reading Room and Culture Association), Chemnitz, Germany, 1923 (German)

reel 14, frame 250

Folder 1190: J

- Juedische Monatshefte (Jewish Monthly Magazine), Munich, 1909, undated (German)

- Judischer Verlag (Jewish Publishers), Berlin, 1923 (German)

reel 14, frame 257

Folder 1191: L-M

- Library of Congress, Division of Semitic Literature, Division of Accessions, Washington, D.C., 1933-1936 (English)

- Abraham Manievich Art Committee, New York, 1943 (English)

- The Menorah Journal, New York, 1937 (English)

- Ministere du Commerce de l’Industrie (Ministry of Commerce of Industry), Paris, 1900 (French)

- Minsker Sotsialisten Revolutsioneren Hilfs Ferain (Minsk Socialist-Revolutionary Aid Association), New York, 1905 (Russian)

- Die Mission der Bjelarussischer Volksrepublik (The Mission of the People’s Republic of Belarus), Berlin, 1921 (German, Russian)

- Munk and Roth Verlags-und Sortiments Buchhandlung (Publishers and Bookstores), Lemberg (L’viv), 1902 (German)

reel 14, frame 265

Folder 1192: N

- Nai Juda (New Judea), New York, 1938-1939 (English)

- National Committee for Relief of Sufferers by Russian Massacres, New York, 1906 (English)

- National Council of American-Soviet Friendship, Inc., New York, 1943 (English)

- The National Farm School, Newark, NJ, 1940 (English)

reel 14, frame 303

Folder 1193: N

- National Federation for Constitutional Liberties, New York, 1943 (English)

- National Jewish Monthly, Washington, D.C., 1942 (English)

- National Refugee Service, Inc., New York, 1940 (English)

- Neuer Frankfurter Verlag (New Frankfurt Publishers), Frankfurt am Main, 1902 (German)

reel 14, frame 313

Folder 1194: N

- New Masses, New York, 1941 (English)

- Newspaper Guild of New York, New York, 1940-1941 (English, Yiddish)

- New York Conference for Inalienable Rights, New York, 1941 (English)

- New York Evening Journal, New York, 1905 (English)

- The New York Evening Post, New York, 1915-1917 (English)

reel 14, frame 321

Folder 1195: N

- The New York Public Library, New York, 1916-1918 (English, Russian)

- The New York Society of the Friends of Russian Freedom, New York, 1905 (English)

- The New York State Colleges of Agriculture and Home Economics, Ithaca, NY, 1937 (English)

- The New York Times, New York, 1926 (English)

reel 14, frame 332

Folder 1196: N

- Non-Sectarian Anti-Nazi League to Champion Human Rights, Inc., New York, 1938-1939 (English)

- Novoe Slovo (The New World), Marxist magazine, St. Petersburg?, 1897 (Russian)

reel 14, frame 341

Folder 1197: P

- The Palestine Economic Corporation, New York, 1932-1939 (English)

- The Palestine Electric Corporation, London, 1929-1933 (English)

reel 14, frame 348

Folder 1198: P

- The People’s Alliance for Agricultural Colonization in America, Philadelphia, 1932 (English)

- The People’s Art Guild, New York, 1917 (English)

- People’s Delegation to Biro-Bidjan, New York, 1936 (English)

- People’s Tool Campaign, New York, 1932 (English)

reel 14, frame 357

Folder 1199: P-R

- La Plume (The Pen), Paris, 1902 (French)

- Pooti Magazine, New York, 1933, undated (Russian)

- The Rand Bookstore, New York, undated (English)

- Reliable Pictures Corporation, New York, 1936, undated (English)

- Renouveau, Association pour les Interets Agricoles des Israelites (Renewal, Association for the Agricultural Interests of the Israelites), Paris, undated (English)

- Revolutionary Workers League, New York, 1936 (English)

- Van Riemsdyck Book Service, New York, 1932 (English)

- Der Ruf (The Call), Amsterdam, 1937 (German)

reel 14, frame 365

Folder 1200: R

- Russian Free Press Fund, London, 1892-1897 (Russian)

- Russian Information Bureau, New York, 1917-1918 (English, Russian)

- Russian Library, Russian Books, New York, 1895 (Russian)

- Russkaya Revolyutayonnaya Liga (Russian Revolutionary League), New York, 1905 (Russian)

- Russkoye Bogatstvo (Russian Wealth), St. Petersburg, 1903 (Russian)

reel 14, frame 392

Folder 1201: S

- The School for the Jewish Woman, New York, 1933 (English)

- Schweizerischen Blatter (Swiss Pages), Basel, 1898 (German)

- Schappes Defense Committee, New York, 1942-1943 (English)

- Shalom Schwarzbard Farewell Committee, New York, 1934 (English)

reel 14, frame 483

Folder 1202: S

- Socialist Party, New York, 1906, undated (English)

- Societe d’Emigration et Colonization Juive (Society for Jewish Emigration and Colonization), “EMCOL” Paris, 1936 (German)

- Societe Generale (General Society), to develop commerce and industry in France, Paris, 1936 (French)

- Societe Nouvelle de la Petite Republique (New Society of the Republic), Paris, 1895 (French)

reel 14, frame 495

Folder 1203: S

- Sozialistische Arbeiter Internationale (Socialist Workers International), Zurich, 1930 (German)

- The Swiss Publication Company, New York, 1901 (German)

- A.G. Syrkin Lehrmittel Verlag (Educational Materials Publishers), Berlin, 1922 (German)

reel 14, frame 504

Folder 1204: T-U

- Treasury Department, Albany, Detroit, Washington, D.C., 1932-1942 (English)

- La Tribune Russe (The Russian Tribune), Paris, 1904 (Russian)

- J. Walter Thompson Company Advertising, Chicago, 1918 (English)

- The Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, Inc., London, 1942-1943 (English)

- U.S. Department of Labor, Washington, D.C., undated (English)

reel 14, frame 509

Folder 1205: V

- Verein fuer Juedische Statistik (Association for Jewish Statistics), Berlin, 1902 (German)

- Vereins Juedischer Hochshueler Bar Kochba in Prag (Federation of Jewish Bar Kochba High Schools in Prague), Berlin, undated (German)

- Verein Russischer Juden in Hamburg (Association of Russian Jews in Hamburg), Hamburg, 1923 (Russian)

- Verlag der Sozialistischen Monatshefte (Publisher of the Socialist Monthly Bulletin), Berlin, 1897-1902, 1923-1932, undated (German)

reel 14, frame 521

Folder 1206: V

- Das Volkswirtschaftsdepartement des Kantons St. Gallen (The Economics Department of the Canton of St. Gallen), St. Gallen, Switzerland, 1899 (German)

- Vorstand der Israeliten-Gemeinde, Trebitsch (Board of the Jewish Community of Trebitsch), Trebitsch, Germany, 1901 (German)

- Vorwaerts Berliner Volksblatt (Forward Berlin Peoples Journal), central organ of the German Social Democratic Party, also some undated clippings from the Pariser Tageblatt, Berlin, 1902 (German)

reel 14, frame 570

Folder 1207: W

- Web Holding Corporation, New York, 1928-1929 (English)

- Der Weg (The Way), Vienna, 1905 (German)

- Women Organization for Pioneer Women in Palestine, Philadelphia, 1933 (Russian)

- World Organization of Jewish War Invalids, Widows and Orphans, Berlin, 1928 (German)

reel 14, frame 579

Folder 1208: Y-Z

- Yale University Press, New Haven, CT, 1936-1937 (English)

- Die Zeit (The Time), weekly journal, Vienna, 1897-1898 (German)

- The Zionist Lunch Club, New York, 1918 (English)

- The Zionist Organization of America, New York, 1921 (English)

- Zionist Society of Engineers and Agriculturists, New York, 1921 (English)

- Die Zukunft (The Future), Berlin, 1899 (German)

reel 14, frame 586

Folder 1209: Unidentified Letters
reel 14, frame 598
Folder 1210: Unidentified Letters
reel 14, frame 926
Folder 1211: Fragments of Letters
reel 15, frame 1

Browse by Series:

Series 1: Series I: Personal Documents, 1887-1944,
Series 2: Series II: Family Correspondence, 1886-1943,
Series 3: Series III: General Correspondence: Individuals, 1882-1955,
Series 4: Series IV: General Correspondence: Organizations, 1892-1943,
Series 5: Series V: Manuscripts, 1881-1942,
Series 6: Series VI: Typescripts and Printed Materials, 1885-1938,
Series 7: Series VII: Miscellaneous Speeches, 1910, 1937-1943,
Series 8: Series VIII: Financial Records, 1897-1942,
Series 9: Series IX: Newspaper Clippings, 1916-1942,
Series 10: Series X: Records of Celebrations for Zhitlowsky, 1912-1942,
Series 11: Series XI: Miscellaneous, 1883-1958,
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